A human body has different kinds of nerves that serve different functions. Therefore, diabetic neuropathy can be divided into several different kinds. Determining the kind of neuropathy is important for treatment and maintenance.
This king goes by many names including nerve pain and distal diabetic neuropathy. It affects the longest nerves in the body, basically the legs, arms, hands and feet nerves which branch off from the spinal cord into the lower back region and further into the named body parts. The nerved leading to the feet suffer the most damage in this condition despite them being the longest nerve systems in the body. If not contained, this damage can lead to more serious diabetic problems, including amputations, deformities, ulcers and other infections.
This condition is also commonly referred to as Diabetic Amyotrophy. This kind of neuropathy mainly affects the muscles in the upper body including hips, legs, and buttocks. At times, this condition is painful, where patients complain of a sharp pain from the lower back down to the legs. This is medically referred to as Radiculopathy or Sciatica. Proximal Neuropathy mostly affects the elderly diabetic patients, but unlike Peripheral Neuropathy, it can be controlled through constant treatment.
There is a nervous system that keeps the body running as it should be without the control of the human being. This nervous system is responsible for constant normal breathing, blood pumping, food digestion. Autonomic Neuropathy affects this nerves. It damages the Autonomic nervous system such that the body is not able to maintain homeostasis, which refers to normal body balanced functions. This kind of neuropathy can cause a lot of distress as it can damage the body nerves responsible for simple body functions such as sight and digestion. The type of treatment for this condition is determined by the symptoms shown by the body, which reveals which autonomic nerves have been damaged.
The name Focal means that this type of neuropathy focuses on one particular nerve. All the other kinds of neuropathy affect different nerves from a particular nervous system. This type of neuropathy affects the head nerves, in most cases nerves that go to the eyes. In few cases, Focal Neuropathy has been known to affect the legs and torso. When affecting the legs, focal neuropathy causes pain in one part of the leg muscles, unlike the Proximal kind that causes overall weakness as stated above. Pain is experienced in the front thigh, inner foot side and outer shin.