Molluscum contagiosum is a mild skin infection caused by a virus called Molluscum contagiosum. The virus produces a mild skin rash symptomized by lesions or bumps, called Mollusca that are normally pink, white, or skin-colored. The best molluscum contagiosum treatment is one done as soon as possible to avoid more lesions. 10 to 20 mark the average numbers of bumps that an infected person bears. People with a weak immune system can, however, bear much more, with HIV-positive patients bearing even up to 100 or more. The commonly painless bumps appear smooth and shiny with indented centers in some cases.
Simple observation by a dermatologist is enough to diagnose molluscum contagiosum. However, in uncertain conditions where the bumps may look like warts, chickenpox, and even skin cancer, a dermatologist would scrape off a bit of infected skin for further examination under a microscope.
There is usually no emergency call for the different molluscum contagiosum treatments as long as one’s immune system is healthy. The bumps usually vanish on their own. However, the different molluscum contagiosum treatments differ as per situation.
Feasible procedures during an office visit include:
- Cryosurgery: Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the bumps.
- Curettage: a small tool called a curette is used by a dermatologist to scrape the bumps from the skin.
- Laser surgery: a laser is used to target and destroy the bumps. This is an effective treatment for people having a weakened immune system.
- Topical (applied to the skin) therapy: various acids and blistering solutions are applied to the skin to destroy the bumps.
Prescribed treatments for application at home:
- Imiquimod: this medicine boosts your immune system to fight the virus.
- Retinoid or antiviral medicine applied to the skin as instructed.
Most of the remedies are natural and can be found in the house like apple cider vinegar, basil extract and tea tree oil. They are highly recommended. It is normal for new smaller bumps to appear as others fade during the different treatments of Molluscum contagiosum. It is also important to also note that most of the different treatments are painful (such as liquid nitrogen).
Children rarely need subjection to the different molluscum contagiosum treatments since the bumps normally disappear on their own. The different molluscum contagiosum treatments are discouraged in children to avoid adverse side-effects that may come along with them. However, if any of the different molluscum contagiosum treatments is your child’s only option, be certain to seek your baby’s doctor advice on how to prevent pain and scarring.